Malayer, a village in Northwest Persia, is nestled between Hamadan and Sarouk, prominent weaving regions. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Malayer and neighboring villages primarily produced small antique rugs and runners crafted by individual weavers. While larger Persian carpets up to 10ft by 13ft were occasionally made by families in certain larger villages, these were quite rare and typically custom orders.
Famed for their unique Persian village weavings, Malayer's carpets are known for their diversity and weavers' creativity. Among the captivating motifs in antique Malayer rugs is the "boteh" or sprouting seed, which symbolizes rebirth and is often repeated across smaller rugs. Other common designs include stylized birds, flower head and vinery lattice patterns, along with the famous Herati design featuring diamonds surrounded by flower heads and leaves. These weavers were also influenced by the sophisticated carpet styles from the nearby Ferahan plain.
Malayer wove both expansive designs and central medallion Oriental rugs, with the finest employing natural dyes. Deep navy commonly served as a base, complemented by a range of hues like sage green, watermelon, sky blue, salmon, gold, and tan. Rich rust to crimson backgrounds were popular, while undyed camelhair was rarer.